Spread Operator

The main objective of the spread operator is to spread the objects of an array. This is best explained with examples.


A common use case is to spread an array into the function arguments. Previously you would need to use Function.prototype.apply:

function foo(x, y, z) { }
var args = [0, 1, 2];
foo.apply(null, args);

Now you can do this simply by prefixing the arguments with ... as shown below:

function foo(x, y, z) { }
var args = [0, 1, 2];

Here we are spreading the args array into positional arguments.


We've already seen one usage of this in destructuring

var [x, y, ...remaining] = [1, 2, 3, 4];
console.log(x, y, remaining); // 1, 2, [3,4]

The motivation here is to simply make it easy for you to capture the remaining elements of an array when destructuring.

Array Assignment

The spread operator allows you to easily place an expanded version of an array into another array. This is demonstrated in the example below:

var list = [1, 2];
list = [...list, 3, 4];
console.log(list); // [1,2,3,4]


apply is something that you would inevitably do in JavaScript, so it's good to have a better syntax where you don't have that ugly null for the this argument. Also having a dedicated syntax for moving arrays out of (destructuring) or into (assignment) other arrays provides neat syntax for when you are doing array processing on partial arrays.

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